Naturally occurring, stone has been a staple of building materials since the beginning of time. The major benefits of stone cladding are its strength, durability and aesthetic appeal.


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With a myriad of possibilities that can enhance the look of any exterior or interior, having a sound understanding of stone cladding is paramount to ensuring proper usage within your project. Together, these components provide the exterior envelope for a building. Traditional handset cladding systems transfer the weight of the heavy stone to load bearing fixings situated at the floor plates.

These systems must include both movement joints and compression joints.The most common types of natural stone used for with traditional handset façade cladding systems are granite, limestone and sandstone, however marble and slate are also used. Stone panels are installed onto the building face using either a concealed system or an exposed clip system. These can be broadly divided into three geological groups: sedimentary rocks such as limestone and sandstone, metamorphic rocks such as slate and marble and lastly, igneous rocks such as granite. Basalt appears to be very fine-grained and is the most common type of volcanic rock used throughout architecture. One notable quality of basalt is that it possesses extremely high insulating capabilities.

Including basalt and limestone, this category includes at least twenty different types of stone with a blue tint.


Granite Cladding Design


Granite cladding design.

It is one of the most widely occurring stones in the world and an extremely popular building material for both interior and exterior cladding applications.

Granite is known for its durability and the permanence of its color and texture. This type of stone is extremely dense and far more resistant to weathering than other limestones.

In color, limestone ranges from pure whites, beiges, to subtle browns with hints of blue. In texture, limestone ranges from creamy and soft to chunky and harshly veined. Limestone is a great option for building faces because it can be carved and shaped relatively easily. Once the premier material in the architect’s palette, the difficulties of building with marble and the development of cheaper alternatives have led to a steady decline in its use as a façade treatment. Small samples from your manufacturer will show the typical colors and textures of these aforementioned types of stone. However, they may not properly elucidate the natural variations that are present in large-format stone panels.

In some cases, it is possible to custom order stone for your project. Talk to your manufacturers and get a sense of the options that are available. A honed finish indicates that the stone has been ground down to a smooth and consistent surface. With stones such as granite and marble that possess a natural shine, a honed finish means that the stone’s gloss will be removed, leaving a matte surface. This creates a rough but tidy finish that is both finely textured and granular. And in the future when you are done with it, it can still be recycled in its natural form. Leading up to the execution of your project, make sure that the fabrication team is well suited to safely carry out on-site construction. The insulation should be non-combustible, rot and vermin proof and non-absorbent. In addition, certain stones may break down or become slick with the oxidizer deposits.

In advance of construction, consult with your manufacturer to understand the maintenance requirements of a particular stone. Shower drain box grate installed in stone cladding floor. Modern building stone facade cladding detail morning light reflection. Natural stone cladding in grey, brown golden and silver colour. Exotic pattern of decorate slate stone wall background. Abstract pattern of stone cladding wall background.



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Hilti Stone Cladding Video Ss Clamp


Dry Stone Cladding done with Hilti SS Clamp available in 304, 316.


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genaStone
Naturally occurring, stone has been a staple of building materials since the beginning of time. The major benefits of stone cladding are its strength, durability and aesthetic appeal. With a myriad of possibilities that can enhance the look of any exterior or interior, having a sound understanding of stone cladding...